Excess weight is defined as a condition in which a person’s BMI ranges from 24.9 to 29.9. BMI is a measure calculated by dividing the body weight (in kilograms) over your height squared (in centimetres).
This index divides the population into different categories that help clinicians predict patients’ chances of suffering from various problems related to extreme thinness, overweight, and obesity. Obesity occurs at a BMI that is equal to or greater than 30 and therefore overweight is the stage that occurs before obesity.
In addition to genetic factors or factors associated with unusual physiological conditions arising from a particular pathological state, excess weight is linked to excess energy consumption, beyond the body’s energetic needs.
Although this is not considered a disease, there are many health issues that are associated with being overweight and obese that I will lay out in this article.
The higher the body mass, the heavier the weight on the feet and the entire posture. As a result, the tremors felt in the feet, spine, pelvis, and knees are more powerful in people who are overweight than people with a normal body weight and therefore higher results of orthopedic problems occur in this population.
One of the most serious issues associated with being overweight is an increase in blood pressure. When the body mass increases, the pressure exerted by the blood on the arteries increases respectively resulting in the likelihood of many cardiovascular diseases as well. Many studies have found that weight loss leads to a reduction in blood pressure in people who are overweight and the results are as effective as the drugs that are often prescribed to treat this issue.
Self-image and self-confidence
Beyond the fact that excess weight is associated with a wide range of health problems, being overweight can also lead to a wide range of problems related to self-image and self-confidence. Modern society promotes health and healthy weight, and therefore, overweight people may feel alienated from society, become extroverts, minimize social interactions and social gatherings, and more often than not avoid them all together. This is especially true for adolescents and overweight teens.
Increased chance of getting diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is a disease that occurs very frequently in people who suffer from obesity. In fact, more than 80 percent of type 2 diabetes patients are obese. Fat tissue is an important endocrine tissue that secrete a wide variety of substances that affect various body systems.
Among other things this fat tissue, with an emphasis on the belly and hips, exerts substances that induce insulin resistance. The larger the fat tissue, the stronger the insulin resistance, and as a result the pancreas needs to release more insulin.
This condition encourages the development of diabetes. And similar to the blood pressure issue, in many studies, patients with type 2 diabetes that loose 5-10% of their weight, have a better balance of their blood sugar, which is often enough to reduce or stop using their drugs.
Risk of cancer
Beyond all the above, it is now known that excess weight increases the chances of getting various types of cancer. For example, in a large-scale study of data on five million citizens, an addition of 5-7 kilos of weight increased their risk of suffering from uterine cancer by 62% percent, kidney cancer by 25%t, and cervical cancer by 10%. In general, being overweight increases your chances of getting more than twenty different types of cancer.
Well there you have it. Being overweight is not healthy, just as much as being underweight is. We should stop promoting both ends of the extreme and re-balance our lives for the sake of our future.
A healthy daily intake of nutrients, vitamins and minerals, enough movement throughout the day and keeping a positive mind are all things that your body enjoys and will thank you for it.